Ervand Lalayan's Armenian-language study of a district in southeastern historical Armenia, extracted from the journal Azgagrakan Hande's [Ethnographic Review], XI (1904), pp. 240-336; XII (1904), pp. 109-174; XIII (1906), pp. 199-226; and XV (1907), pp. 133-163. Descriptions of the district's physical features, history, ethnography, family and cultural institutions, population statistics, festivals, and customs concerning birth, marriage, death and burial. Some photographs by Lalayan. Compiled and indexed by Robert Bedrosian, in 243 pdf pages.